The most important parts of an effective diet are CALORIES, PROTEIN, FAT, AND CARBOHYDRATES.
No matter what you have heard, the most important part of a diet is CALORIES. Everything we EAT and DRINK contains calories. However, everything we DO burns calories.
So whether you want to LOSE WEIGHT or BUILD MUSCLE, it is all about the Calories! You eat for ENERGY and when you do stuff you use that energy.
If the amount of calories you eat is more than the amount of calories you burn, you have a CALORIC SURPLUS and you will gain weight. The extra weight is stored in your body as either fat or muscle.
However, if the calories you burn is more than the calories you eat, then you have a CALORIC DEFICIT, and you will lose weight. Your body will steal energy from your stored fat or muscle.
And if the calories you burn is EQUAL TO the amount you eat, then you are at the MAINTENANCE level. You will neither gain nor lose weight.
So whether you want to gain muscle or lose fat, it is mainly about the calories!
This is a chart for the IDEAL RATE OF LOSS, in pounds, for a person that is either Very Active, Sorta Active or Hardly Active. A very active person should ideally try to lose 2lbs per week.
Weight gain doesn't really have an activity level. It is based on GENDER. An IDEAL RATE OF GAIN for a man is anywhere from .5 to 1 pounds per week. Or 2-4 pounds per month. That is about 48 per year.
So how does your body determine whether to store extra weight as either fat or muscle?
Well, your body will not build muscle if it has no reason to. Your body will only build as much muscle as it needs to do whatever things it needs to do.
In other words, EXERCISE signals the body to store those extra calories as MUSCLE. When you exercise you break down your muscles. This signals the body to use those calories to build up your muscles.
But if you are like this guy, your body says, ''Well, I guess this guy doesn't need these calories.'' So the extra calories are stored as FAT.
So how many calories a day do you need to take in every day? Well first we need to find out your CALORIC MAINTENANCE LEVEL. Then we will go from there.
Your CALORIC MAINTENANCE LEVEL(CML) is the amount of calories per day you need to eat to maintain your current weight.
There are 3 ways to find out:
Multiply your CURRENT WEIGHT by 14. Then multiply your current weight by 17. Your CALORIC MAINTENANCE LEVEL is somewhere between these two numbers. If you weigh 100lbs it should be 1400-1700 calories.
METHOD #2: Use the HARRIS BENEDICT FORMULA:
There are many factors that determine your maintenance level. Things like GENDER, AGE, WEIGHT, METABOLIC RATE etc. This formula takes all that into account and gives you a better estimate.
METHOD #3: Experiment! EAT AND SEE!
Eat a certain amount (daily) for a week and weigh in. Eat another amount (daily) for another week and weigh in. If you gain weight, cut back, if it stays the same YOU GOT IT!
So if you want to GAIN weight you will eat MORE calories than your CML. And if you want to LOOSE weight you will eat LESS calories than your CML.
This is the ideal amount of SURPLUS you need to eat to gain weight. For men it is anywhere from 250 to 500 calories.
To get an ideal DEFICIT for loosing weight, just eat 20% less than your CML. (Multiply your CML by .2) This is how FEWER calories you should eat to loose weight.
Since when you exercise you BREAK DOWN your muscles, protein helps BUILD UP, or REPAIR your muscles. Protein also signals the body to BURN FAT but to BUILD muscle. It also keeps you full!
Usually the body will build up your muscles stronger than they were before you broke them down. So that the next time you try to do a task, you can do it. Protein is an aid in the process.
So how much protein a day should you eat? A female building strength takes her CURRENT WEIGHT and multiplies it by 1 . Take it again and multiply it by 1.2. Your DPI is somewhere in-between.
That is for a female trying to build strength. Use .5 through .7 for a sedentary person.
To figure out how many calories that is, just multiply it by 4. If your CW is 100lbs then your DPI is 100grams. And 400 calories of your Daily Calorie intake should come from protein.
Just go back and read it carefully. hehe
Now you need some FAT! YES! YOU NEED FAT! Because fat stores energy! But there is GOOD FAT and there is BAD FAT.
Like this type of bad fat
TRANS FAT is the BAAAAAD FAT! If it has trans fat in it, it is deadly. Cancer, heart disease! It increases your LDL (bad cholesterol) levels and lowers your HDL (good cholesterol) levels. DANGER!
There is a policy passed by the FDA that if a product doesn't have more than .5 grams of trans fat, the company can put 0g of trans fat on the label, even if it does have trans fat. Crooked world!
So don't trust "0g trans fat" It could have trans fat anyhow!
Fried foods, fast food, chips, cookies, doughnuts, and other crappy foods. TRANS FAT! DANGER! No wonder they are cheap and easy to get.
SATURATED FAT is bad fat also! But it is not as bad as TRANS FAT. In moderation, saturated fat may not be harmful, but it is still bad.
Beef, veal, lamb, pork, dairy from whole milk (cheese, butter), poultry skin, coconut oil, palm oil. SATURATED FAT! CAUTION!
POLYUNSATURATED FAT! GOOD FAT! Lowers your bad LDL levels and increases your good HDL levels! GREEN LIGHT!
Omega 6- vegetable oil, nuts Omega 3- fatty acid, fish, fish oil supplements. POLYUNSATURATED FATS
MONOUNSATURATED FAT! GOOD FAT! Decreases chance for cancer and heart disease. Lowers bad LDL levels and increases good HDL levels! GREEN LIGHT!!
Fish, Fish oil supplements, Nuts, Nut Butters, Seeds, Olive Oil, Avocados. ALL HAVE GOOD FAT!
Olive Oil! GOOD!
To get the total amount of calories that should come from fat just take 20-30% of your Daily Calorie Intake. This is how much of your daily calories should be fat.
To figure that out in GRAMS just divide it by 9.
Eating doesn't make you fat! FAT MAKES YOU FAT!
Carbohydrates are NOT ESSENTIAL to an effective diet. But they are VERY USEFUL. So don't follow the LOW CARB craze.
Carbs seemingly make you fat because chances are most of your calories might be coming from those carbs. But only a CALORIC SURPLUS makes you fat.
Not saying you shouldn't take in carbs, but it is not as important as Protein and Fat. Anyhow..
There are different TYPES of Carbohydrates. SIMPLE and COMPLEX, HIGH GLYCEMIC and LOW GLYCEMIC. GOOD and BAD.
Simple carbs have a simple structure. It digests and absorbs sugar and things faster. BAD! Complex carbs have a complex structure and digests sugar and junk slower. GOOD!
Simpler=Diabetes, high blood sugar
Complex = GOOD!
High Glycemic carbs break down and release glucose to the blood stream rapidly. BAD! Low glycemic carbs break down and release glucose to the blood stream slower. GOOD!
Foods are usually categorized by their GLYCEMIC INDEX.
HIGH GLYCEMIC! BAD!
LOW GLYCEMIC. GOOD!
Do a little bit of research on the GLYCEMIC LOAD of a food.
Vegetables, Fruits, Beans, Oats (Oatmeal), Brown Rice, Sweet Potatoes/Yams, Quinoa, Various whole grain foods. GOOD CARBS
I guess you get the point
Once you have your CALORIES FROM PROTEIN (CFP) and your CALORIES FROM FAT (CFF), the rest of your calories should be your CALORIES FROM CARBOHYDRATES (CFCR)
Joe is 100lbs and wants to build muscle fast. He eats more calories than his maintenance level and exercises regularly. And to be healthy he eats GOOD FAT and GOOD CARBS. BAM!
Check out ACALORIECOUNTER.COM/DIET/ for more detailed explanation.
The LIVESTRONG.COM app is a great aid for your diet plan! It also uses the HARRIS BENEDICT FORMULA!
The Calca app (mentioned in my super calculator guide) has a built in example for the Harris Benedict formula. Great resource! It can convert units if you want it to.
Workout Routines coming soon... Stay tuned...